The surplus generated by the rise of commercial agriculture encouraged increased mechanization of agriculture. New ways of thinking, sparked by a philosophy known as humanism, altered the way in which people thought about human beings and the universe.
Annie Besant, an Irish woman who came to India inhelped the Theosophist movement to gain strength.
The new learning, widely disseminated through the Erasmian after the humanist Desiderius Erasmus educational programs of such men as John Colet and Sir Thomas Elyotproposed to use a systematic schooling in Latin authors and some Greek to encourage in the social elites a flexibility of mind and civilized serviceableness that would allow enlightened princely government to walk hand in hand with responsible scholarship.
With the spread of humanistic thought, the medieval emphasis on spirituality was gradually replaced by a focus on the more physical characteristics of humans.
The social reformers made valuable contributions to literature. Unlike the Catholic faith, however, humanism did not promote the notion that humans are naturally sinful and it also placed a lot of emphasis on finding reason.
Soon a powerful movement in favour of widow remarriage was started. Florence's population was nearly halved in the year The Brahmo Samaj emphasised human dignity, criticised idolatry and denounced social evils like sati.
Some scholars, such as Rodney Stark play down the Renaissance in favor of the earlier innovations of the Italian city-states in the High Middle Ageswhich married responsive government, Christianity and the birth of capitalism. The Swami worked actively for the regeneration of India.
Finally, because lords expanded their power and wealth through military means, they spent their wealth on military equipment or on conspicuous consumption that helped foster alliances with other lords; they had no incentive to invest in developing new productive technologies.
The European Renaissance began in Northern Italy in the 14th century.
They did not all occur at exactly the same time and in exactly the same manner. In he wrote Gift to Monotheism in Persian. Italy did not exist as a political entity in the early modern period.
At the age of eighteen, Vivekananda met Sri Ramakrishna. Different religions were all different roads to reach the same God. The failure of this attack enhanced the queen's popularity with her people, but did great damage to the standing of Philip II.
Still, by the end of the 19th century, there were several women who had become aware of the need for social reform. Pandita Rama bai had been educated in United States and in England.
She wrote about the unequal treatment meted out to the women of India. English literature: 16th- and 17th-century women authorsAn introduction to women who contributed to English literature in the 16th and 17th turnonepoundintoonemillion.comsy of Folger Shakespeare Library; CC-BY-SA Introduction to Theatre - THEA Dr.
C. Frederic. THEATRE HISTORY - Beginning through the Renaissance.
ORIGINS OF DRAMA. There are many theories as to the origins of drama/theatre. When in the 19th century Renaissance style architecture came into vogue, it often materialized not just in its original form according to geography, but as a hybrid of all its earlier forms according to the whims of architects and.
The 20th century began without planes, televisions, and of course, computers. These inventions radically transformed the lives of people around the globe, with many changes originating in the United States.
This century witnessed two world wars, the Great Depression of the s, the Holocaust in. - During the period from the early 18th century to the mid 19th century people experienced many changes that had an impact on their lives such as technical advance, development of transport, trade, better organization of output or new financial structures.
an outgrowth of social and institutional changes wrought by the end of feudalism in.An introduction to the changes from the era of renaisance and to the end of the 19th century